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‘Filial son’, the family and identity formation among male migrant workers in urban China
by 邱琡雯, 2016-10-07 20:01, 人氣(232)
Dr Xiaodong Lin works at the School of Arts and Humanities at Nottingham Trent University, UK. His areas of research include gender, masculinities and migration. He has a particular interest in globally inflected social and cultural transformations in China. His current research is on a younger generation of Chinese urban workers, addressing issues of youth, well-being and aspiration.
“孝顺的儿子”、家庭,以及中国城市中男性农民工的身份认同形构

本文是根据二十八位中国南方(内部)城乡移民男性的生命经历之民族志研究。本文探讨他们的叙事,并从身为农民工的儿子视角,特别聚焦家庭内部改变中的社会关係。本文主张,传统的性别规范,例如附着于当个 “孝顺儿子” 的规范,在不同世代的中国男性农民工之中仍然存活着,儘管受到了重构。

这些男性叙述了传统孝亲性别规范的角色,此般规范是在特定的时空条件中构筑他们的 “移居” 身份认同的核心文化来源。举例而言,当这些流动的男性农民工离开位于农村的家讨生活时,做个 “孝顺的儿子” ,便成为他们在协商都市生活的过程中,积极协商其浮现中的男性气概身份认同的重要参照点。本文同时批判地涉入这些男性做为城市打工仔的生活福祉,探究对城—乡移民更为复杂的理解方式。

This article is based on an ethnographic study of life histories of 28 rural–urban (internal) migrant men located within southern China. It explores their narratives with a particular focus on changing social relations within the family, from the perspective of migrant sons. It argues that traditional gender norms, such as those attached to being a ‘filial son’, are lived out, albeit reworked, among Chinese male migrant workers across generations. The men recount the role of traditional familial gender norms, which are central cultural resources in forging their ‘dislocated’ identities within specific temporal and spatial conditions. 

For example, being a ‘filial son’ has become an important reference point for these mobile male workers to actively negotiate their emerging masculine identities in the process of negotiating urban lives, while living away from their rural homes. The article also explores a more complex understanding of rural–urban migration in terms of critically engaging with the men's well-being as urban workers.
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