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鹿児島農村における渡航者のアメリカ的家族生活 : 帰国した出稼ぎ者の生活史
by 邱琡雯, 2016-10-24 08:53, 人氣(134)

鹿児島農村における渡航者のアメリカ的家族生活 : 帰国した出稼ぎ者の生活史American Way of Emmigrant's Family Life Styles in Rural Village of Kagoshima

川崎 澄雄  季刊社会学部論集 9(3), 1-28, 1990-12-15  [この号の目次] 鹿児島国際大学

This paper deals with three personal lifes of ordinary Japanese emmigrants, Shizuichi Mathumoto, Mithuo Nishi and Motoshi Chuuman. They were born in 1900's, as a son of poor farmer or merchant in a small seaside village in Kagoshima Prefecture, southern Japan. 

 

They emmigranted to United States of America, as a contact laborer on vegetable farm and fruit garden. They were separate from kith and kin. They worked hard. They got a lot of money. They brought money back their native village. Therefore villager called them "America don" or "America modoi" (came back from America). 

 

Their family life style is American way of life, for example like eating meat, drinking coffee, sleeping in bed and driving car by themselves. Especially their family interaction is individualism. Father-daughter interaction is very simply. Therefore their emotion is not intimacy. But husband-wife relationship is partnership called "THUREAI" cooperative as one body.

著重返鄉男性與家人關係變化的是川崎澄雄(1990),該文訪談了三位日本九州鹿兒島偏鄉出身、二次大戰前後隻身到美國打工的返鄉年長男性,研究發現,他們在美國的生活和遷移的經驗造就了返鄉之後的個人主義(individualism)行為模式,在村落層次盡量維持若即若離、不麻煩不囉嗦的人際互動,在家族層次則呈現出各自獨立、卻略為疏離的親子關係,但夫婦關係卻因長年分居,加上妻代夫職或母代父職的影響,得以發展出平等尊重、相互理解、共同扶持的伴侶或同志情誼。

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